Barcelona is one of the most important Spanish cities located in the northeast of the State of Spain, as it is the capital of Catalonia, which is characterized by autonomy, Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain in terms of population and it is the sixth most populous city in the European Union.
Barcelona is characterized by being one of the modern cities full of life as it was classified as the fourth smartest city in Europe, and in terms of quality of life it ranked fifth on the world level.
As for the location of the city of Barcelona, it is distinguished by a distinguished geographical location, as it is located in the northeastern side of the state of Spain, which is known (on the Iberian Peninsula) and specifically between the river (Bezius), which borders it to the northeast, and there is the river (Llobregat) in the southeast direction where it is located Between him and the city is a mountain called (Montjuic), which is 184 meters high.
Barcelona overlooks the West on the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea, and it also surrounds several mountain ranges, including the Serra Colserula mountain, which extends for a distance of 80 km. The city has an estimated approx 102.2 km and rises above the sea level by about 12.5 meters
Barcelona enjoys the climate of the Mediterranean basin due to its occurrence on the coasts of the White Sea, its summer is characterized by warmth and drought, and the months of July and August are the peak temperatures where the temperature reaches 28 degrees Celsius.
As for the winter season in Barcelona, it is very cold, with a lot of rain. January is the coldest month in the winter, as the temperature reaches 13 degrees Celsius.
Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain in terms of population, with a population of approximately 1.62 million, according to statistics from 2014, as it is one of the cities that includes many different nationalities and races and who reach 17.5% of the Barcelona population.
Therefore, it is one of the densely populated cities, not only inside it, but also who live in the surrounding areas, as it is the capital of the province of Catalonia, which amounts to 4.78 million people, according to statistical estimates in 2014.
Catalan and Spanish are the dominant languages in the city, while English is widely spoken among the population, especially in the sectors of tourism and international trade.
The history of the city of Barcelona dates back to the pre-Christian era, as it was founded by the Phoenicians and also the Carthaginians, as it was called at this time by the name of (Parcino). In the first century BC, the city fell under the rule of the Romans and was chosen to be their capital until the fifth century AD.
As for the eighth century AD, the city was occupied by the Moreans, and it was ruled for a century. Then, after that, it was occupied by the Franks, then it was controlled by Spain through the Spanish marches, then it was divided into provinces that were the most important of Barcelona and in the tenth century AD A hereditary system in governing the region by (Count Barcelona Wilfred) in 988 AD Barcelona declared its independence at the hands of (Count Barcelona Borel II) and got rid of the rule of the Carolingian Empire or what is called the Franks.
But during the mid-nineteenth century, the city of Barcelona played an important role in the industrial revolution, which was held in Europe, as it is one of the most important Spanish countries in the field of industry, as in 1888 AD the first international exhibition was held in Barcelona again in 1929 AD, but in 1914 CE. Catalonia declared its independence completely from the State of Spain, and was soon forced to return to it in 1925 through the military dictatorship.
As for the Barcelona economy, it is one of the cities that enjoy a strong economy that may compete with the economy of the European Union, as it contributes significantly as an important and strong support to the economy of Spain as a whole, as it contributes to the gross domestic product of Spain by no less than 19.8%, as in 2012 the total output reached The local city of Barcelona to approximately 64,241,5 million euros, as the most important characteristic of Barcelona's economy is that it depends on several different sectors, the most important of which is the education and health and social services sector, which contributed 11.9% of the city's GDP.
Barcelona also depends heavily on its seaport, which is an important point of contact with its foreign trade, as the port of Barcelona came in 2013 in the 16th ranking among Europe's ports in terms of the number of its shipments.
As for tourism in Barcelona, there is no embarrassment, as it is one of the most important economic sectors on which the city depends, as it receives tourists from all over the world and throughout the year. In 2015, the total number of tourists who came to Barcelona reached approximately 8,303,649, where They spent 21,072,365 Euros during their visit to Barcelona.
There are many tourist attractions and famous places, including: